July 29, 2021

Workshop E-Mobility and Mass Transit: Global Case Studies and Indonesian Policy Review

ITDP Indonesia is currently working together with ICCT to support the implementation of the World Bank technical assistance (TA) on “E-Mobility Adoption Roadmap for the Indonesian Mass Transit Program”. This TA is informing the preparation of the World Bank-funded Indonesia Mass Transit Program Support Project (IMTPSP) in the urban areas of Greater Bandung and Greater Medan to explore the potential leapfrog to e-mobility technologies. This TA is jointly funded by the Mobility and Logistics (MOLO) Trust Fund and the Energy Sector Management Assistance Program (ESMAP).

In June 2021, the World Bank, with support of ITDP Indonesia and ICCT, conducted a 2-day workshop, which aimed to disseminate global case studies on the adoption of e-mobility in mass transit systems and discuss how to bridge the policy gaps identified in Indonesia. The participants of this workshop were Government of Indonesia officials from national and provincial/city levels, electricity companies, e-bus manufacturers, charging infrastructure providers, and international participants from the World Bank and International Finance Corporation (IFC). On average there were 100-120 participants on each day of the workshop.

The first day of the workshop discussed e-mobility global trends and case studies from five different regions and cities, including California, Santiago de Chile, Bogota, Shenzhen and Kolkata. Selected international experts directly involved in electromobility projects in these regions and cities presented their success stories to inform Indonesian stakeholders and other participants on how to accelerate the implementation of electromobility programs in mass transit systems in Indonesia.

The second day of the workshop was focused on e-mobility global and Indonesian policy and regulatory review. This session included a review of current Indonesian strategies and policy/regulatory and programmatic actions on electromobility and a comparison with international best practices. At the end of the session, policy options to accelerate the transition to electromobility in Indonesia were presented.

Some of the main takeaways of this works were that to accelerate e-mobility adoption in Indonesia, the Government should: (i) provide strong monetary incentives for electrification of mass transit; (ii) provide stronger fiscal incentives for electric vehicles and disincentives for ICEs; (iii) provide a wider offer of indirect incentives like Low Emission Zones; (iv) develop and promote the adoption of mass transit and government fleet electrification mandates; (v) revise current mass transit contracting practices to extend contract periods for e-buses to 14-15 years; and (vi) explore the adoption of split models for e-bus public fleets operation and ownership within the Indonesian context.

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