February 10, 2011

Project Implementation Report 2009-2010

New  developments  in  the  urban  transport  sector  in  Indonesia  promise  to  counter  the  trend  of  increasing greenhouse gas emissions in this sector.  Jakarta's nascent bus rapid transit (BRT) system has begun to re-allocate scarce road space in the center of the city to efficient public transportation and has already resulted in a  shift  of  trips  from  private  motor  vehicles.    Jakarta  and  other  Indonesia  cities  also  have  begun  to  improve pedestrian facilities to increase the number of walking trips, important to the development of public transport.  The  Institute  for  Transportation  and  Development  Policy  and  its  partners,  which  have  thus  far  provided technical  support  for  the  Jakarta  BRT,  seek  to  develop a  longer-term  technical  support  system  to  help bring bus rapid transit and pedestrian improvements in Indonesia up to international state-of-the-art.  
 
The overall objective of this project is to maximize effectiveness of the Jakarta BRT and use it as a catalyst for urban transport reform in Jakarta and other key Indonesian cities. Jakarta is at a crossroads: over the next few years:  the  city  will  either  construct  a  premier  bus  rapid  transit  system,  providing  large  transport  and environmental  benefits  to  its  populace  and  a  beacon  for  other  cities  in  the  country  and  region,  or  it  will implement  a  system  with  problems  and  shortcomings  that  result  in  mediocre  performance,  ultimately  cutting short its expansion or even precipitating its removal (the first corridor is, in fact, designed with easily removable lane separators, so that the road space can be given back to cars if need be).  Such a failure would damage the  entire  concept  of  BRT  in Asia  and diminish  the  promise  for development  of  other  systems  in  the  region.  Thus  the  first  eight  (of  nine)  specific objectives  in  this  project  focus  on ensuring  the  success  of  this  system, through  its  optimized  implementation  and  expansion  from  its  current  single  corridor  to  a  full  system  of  14 corridors, covering most of the city, over the next five years. Objective 9 focuses on dissemination activities, in particular  assisting  other  Indonesian  cities  in  establishing  sustainable  transport  programs  and  transferring knowledge and other achievements gained in the Jakarta aspects of the project. 
 
Apart from bus rapid transit, the project will explicitly support the development of non-motorized transportation systems  and  infrastructure,  transit  oriented  development  and  transportation  demand  management  to  reduce use  of  private  motor  vehicles.    Improvements  in  these  areas  will  provide  critical  complements  to  BRT development,  and  together  form  the  tools  to  achieve  a  long-term,  sustainable  shift  to  less  greenhouse  gas emitting forms of transportation.

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